Last minute 401k moves to make in 2023 to boost your retirement savings. Do you have a 401k? These six 401k moves will help you grow your retirement savings and ensure that you take full advantage of your 401k benefits.
2023 has been a very choppy year for investors. Both stocks and bonds have experienced losses and large swings in both directions. As we approach the end of the year, you can take another look at your 401k, reassess your financial priorities, and reevaluate your retirement strategy. Let’s make sure your 401k works for you.Retirement Calculator
What is a 401k plan?
A 401k is a workplace retirement plan allowing employees to build and grow their retirement savings. It is one of the most convenient and effective ways to save for retirement, as both employees and employers can make retirement contributions. You can set up automatic deductions to your 401k account directly through your company payroll as an employee. You can choose the exact percentage of your salary towards your retirement savings. In 2023, most 401k will provide multiple investment options in stock, fixed-income mutual funds, and ETFs. Furthermore, most employers offer a 401k match for up to a certain percentage. In most cases, you must participate in the plan to receive the match.
1. Maximize your 401k contributions in 2023
The smart way to boost your retirement savings is to maximize your 401k contributions each year.
Did you know that in 2023, you can contribute up to $22,500 to your 401k plan? If you are 50 or over, you are eligible for an additional catch-up contribution of $7,500 in 2023. Traditional 401k contributions are tax-deductible and will lower your overall tax bill in the current tax year.
Many employers offer a 401k match, which is free money for you. The only way to receive the match is to participate in the plan. If you cannot max out your dollar amount, try to deduct the highest possible percentage to capture the entire match from your employer. For example, if your company offers a 4% match on every dollar, at the very minimum, you should contribute 4% to get the entire match.
How to reach $1 million in your 401k by age 65?
Do you want to reach $1 million in your 401k by retirement? The secret recipe is to start early. For example, if you are 25 years old today, you only need to set aside $387 per month for 40 years, assuming a 7% annual return. If you are 35, the saving rate goes up to $820 monthly. If you start in your 50s, you must save about $3,000 a month to get to a million dollars.
401k Contributions by Age
2. Review your investment options.
When did you last review the investment options inside your 401k plan? When was the last time you made any changes to your fund selection? With automatic contributions and investing, it is easy to get things on autopilot. But remember, this is d your retirement savings. Now is the best time to get a grip on your 401k investments.
Look at your fund performance over the last 1, 3, 5, and 10 years and make sure the fund returns are near or higher than their benchmark. Review the fund fees. Check if there have been new funds added to the lineup recently.
What is a Target Date Fund?
A target-date fund is an age-based retirement fund that automatically adjusts your stock and bond investment allocation as you approach retirement. Young investors have a higher allocation to equities, considered more risky assets. In comparison, investors approaching retirement receive a bigger share in safer investments such as bonds. By design, plan participants should choose one target-date fund, set it, and forget until they retire. The fund will automatically change the asset allocation as you near your retirement age.
However, in a recent study, Vanguard concluded that nearly 33% of 401k plan participants misuse their target-date funds. A third of the people who own TDFs combine them with another fund.
3. Change your asset allocation
Asset allocation tells you how your investments are spread between stocks, bonds, money markets, and other asset classes. Stocks typically are riskier but offer great earnings potential. Bonds are considered a safer investment but provide a limited annual return.
Your ideal asset allocation depends on your age, investment horizon, risk tolerance, and specific individual circumstances.
Typically, younger plan participants have a longer investment horizon and can withstand portfolio swings to achieve higher returns in the future. If you are one of these, investors can choose a higher allocation of stocks in your 401k.
However, if you are approaching retirement, you will have a much shorter investment horizon and probably a lower tolerance to investment losses. In this case, you should consider adding more bonds and cash to your asset allocation.
4. Consider contributing to Roth 401k in 2023
Are you worried that you will pay higher taxes in the future? The Roth 401k allows you to make pretax contributions and avoid taxes on your future earnings. All Roth contributions are made after paying all federal and state income taxes. The advantage is that all your prospective earnings will grow tax-free. If you keep your money until retirement or reach the age of 59 ½, you will withdraw your gains tax-free. If you are a young professional or believe your future tax rate will be higher, Roth 401k is an excellent alternative to your traditional tax-deferred 401k savings.
5. Do a Mega backdoor 401k conversion
Mega Backdoor 401k is an acronym for after-tax Roth conversion within your 401k plan. Many high-income earners cannot make direct Roth contributions. At the same time, they may prefer traditional tax-deferred 401k contributions, which reduce their current taxes. Mega backdoor 401k allows you to get the best of both worlds. There is one caveat — your 401k plan must allow for after-tax contributions and in-plan conversions.
For 2023, the maximum 401k contributions of any kind (tax-deferred, Roth, after-tax, and employee match) is $66,000, up from $61,000 for 2022. If you’re 50 or older, the limit is $73,500, up from $67,500 in 2022. If you maximize your 401k allowance and receive an employee match, you can choose to make after-tax contributions up to the annual limit. Without any conversion, you will pay taxes on all your gains. The second step in the strategy requires an in-plan Roth conversion, which will move your after-tax money into Roth tax-exempt savings.
6. Rollover an old 401k plan
Do you have an old 401k plan stuck with your former employer? How often do you have a chance to review your balance? Unfortunately, many old 401k plans have been forgotten and ignored for years. Transferring an old 401k to a Rollover IRA can be a wise move.
The rollover is your chance to control your retirement savings. Furthermore, you will expand your investment options from the limited number of mutual funds to the entire universe of stocks, ETFs, and fund managers. Most importantly, you can manage your account according to your retirement goals.